David Bailey; Michael Caine:

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David Bailey photographed Michael Caine in the 60’s using a film camera. The lighting in this photo is strong as it emphasises half of his facial features, whereas the other side of his face in the shadow are not as emphasised. I would say the lighting he used was on the right side of the model at 45 degree angle. I can tell that the light is to the side due to the reflection in his eyes. I like this lighting as it shows depth within the face as it accentuate’s certain features.

The cigarette makes the photo, as to me it looks like it splits the dark and the light from each other, as some sort of barrier from the good and the bad as it is white with no shadow on it. Also by having straight forward without a droop makes it almost come out of the screen giving more depth to his face. It also makes the cigarette look real as you can see the bottom of it, although it is only a little bit it still makes a difference as this is what creates the 3D look about it, as it makes the oval shape come alive in the photo not just in person.

Having the suit jacket blacked out makes the collar of his shirt stand out more as it is the only light thing around his face. Having the shirt on display frames his chin as it is in a triangular shape, making his chin seem broader than what it actually is. It also separates everything as his tie has been lost in his jacket as well. Although half of his tie has disappeared, having the top bit of the tie is all you really need as you know what it is so you don’t need to see all of it to understand what it is going on. I think having the bottom of the suit in the photo would draw attention from his face and the cigarette as there would be then too much going on in the photo.The main focus is the cigarette and his face so that is all you really need in it, I know this is the main focus due to the way he has presented himself in the way his is standing and leaning into the camera.


Jean Shrimpton; Overview:

Jean Shrimpton was the first super model known, the highest paid model in the 1960’s and the face of ‘Swinging London’, along with popularising the miniskirt. Shrimpton was on the cover of Vogue in 1962 due to David Bailey insisting he used her for the shoot, this helped both of their careers.

Popularising the mini skirt started at her 1965 appearance at Derby Day in Australia where she wore a white shift dress 4inches above her knees, it was shorted than she intended as her dress-maker had run out fabric for her original design and ideas. This caused an up roar in the media, raising the style to be fashionable. After this Australian women steered away from traditions and were inspired to create their own tailoring path. ‘The establishment took itself pretty seriously and the Shrimpton sensation did something to break that. Young women were itching to ditch their gloves, and they certainly did after Jean. The mini was sensational, and her wearing it so well encouraged everyone to lift their hems above their knees’ Says fashion consultant and businesswomen Susan M.Renouf.

Tom Oldham:

Whilst looking through Tom Oldham’s portfolio I came across these two photographs that stood out to me the most. I feel like they stood out to me as the are in black and white with high clarity. I really like the photo of Sir Richard Branson as his facial features are really clear, and during the editing process he decided to keep his wrinkles in. Leaving wrinkles and imperfections gives the photographs more personality and character. The black back ground brings out his tanned/pale skinned. The lighting that he has used creates a shadow on the face but leaves a white haze around their faces. I prefer his black and white photography more as I feel like there is more depth within the photos due to the levels and contrast.

Oldham is inspirational as he started out to be a PCA student and now he is a famous photographer. This shows that by working hard and doing what you love you can become someone by doing something you enjoy, rather than being stuck in a job you hate.

Mike Perry; Plymouth Arts Centre:

Today we went to view the exhibit that Mike Perry had displayed in the Plymouth Arts Centre of his work Land/Sea(Tir/Mor). The layout of his work was clean cut and had a clear representation of his work, it was easy to view.

I have two opinions of his work. My first opinion is I do not really like it when it is singular images. I feel like it is too simple when it is just one image on a computed screen. But in person the images look like they are 3D due to the white back ground he has photographed them on. An image of a washed up glove he has photographed looks like you can put your hand in it and wear it, which I find rare with some photography as I have only seen a few photographers who have managed this effect in their work. On a computer screen it just looks like an image of something that he has found of a beach, it looks like a photo that everyone else has taken. I think his work needs to be seen in person to be really appreciated as you can get close and personal to the photographs to view them properly.

I would like to go see his work again as it was interesting to see how he captures bits of washed up rubbish off beaches. In a way he glorifies what he finds but then he is bringing awareness to how much rubbish gets washed up onto beaches.

Lee Jeffries; Black and White Portraits:

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This image that Lee Jeffries had done really stood out to me. It stood out to me because it is mainly hands that you first see and then gradually look up to see her face. Her glasses look so cartoon like, they just don’t look like real glasses and I think this is because of the editing of the photo – High contrast, high clarity, high tonal range.

This photo just like many of Lee Jeffries photos holds a lot of emotion. Even though she doesn’t look distressed she still has an emotional expression on her face. Having her hands touching her face shows that she is worried and unsure as she is keeping her self close. Her lips are in her mouth and that gives me the impression that she is holding something back, but the question is what? I assume this lady is homeless due to her dirtiness, but if she was that would explain why she has so much emotion in her body language and face.

Jeffries says. “I specifically look at people’s eyes—when I see it, I recognise it and feel it—and I repeat the process over and over again.” Seeing this on a website I had looked at had finally made it certain that he looks for at their eyes for emotion. They do say that the eyes are the window to the soul, so I’m guessing that he believes in that and looks at them to see the emotion to the person and their past/present.

By doing a series of photos of homeless people I think it brings awareness to other people as they might stereotype them to be dangerous ect. But by showing their personality through photos it stops this stereotype and helps people understand they are just normal everyday people.

Colour Photography VS Black and White Photography:


  •  Bright colours catch the eye of the viewer
  • An image’s setting and time is inferred from its colours. Warm colours give context to an autumnal portrait. Cool colours portray winter. Lush greens show the viewer that the photo was taken in the spring
  • Opt for colour images when colour is a key element in the story your photo is telling

Using colour always depends of the mood of the image, for example if it was dark and glooming out blues and blacks should be key in the photograph. Yellows,blues and greens should be present if it is sunny or a happy mood for a photograph. If there is an object in the photograph and is representing something and you want it to stand out using colour in the photograph would be better,rather than using black and white.

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I don’t feel like this photograph would look the same if it was in black and white as it is very green which would be the same tones when in black and white. As there is different shades of green you can see the feathers really distinctively and it creates a texture in the photograph. If this was in black and white you wouldn’t be able to get the same feel of the textures in the photograph, due to the tones being the same.

Black and White:

  • Is timeless, can’t put an exact date to the photograph.
  • The world is see in colour so when it is converted to monochrome it makes you stop and pay more attention into the image.
  • Can use black and white to stop the photograph from being distracting with the colours in it.

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This photograph works in black and white due to the detail on his face, and his big frames. I like how you can see the reflection in his glasses but can still see his wide eyes. Black and white have made his eyes seem more emotional and deep. The clarity has clearly been put up in this as you can see the creases in his face and his pores are more defined. I just feel like this photograph has a lot of meaning behind it and it makes you question what has he been through for his eyes to be tearing up a bit.


David Bailey ; Vogue 1960:

David Baileys work interests me as I love how he takes all of his portraits in black and white. He doesn’t force a pose upon them he lets them be themselves which I find interesting. I was looking at the photographs he took in the 1960’s and they just fascinate me as they are not different from what he does now, he hasn’t changed himself to get a wider audience.

In a way this is the type of photographs that I wanted to create for my FMP before I came across his work from the 60’s. These images are the images he shot for Vogue 1960. `I was looking at Vogue 1950’s yesterday and the jump which fashion has had over those 10 years is impeccable. The fashion from the 60’s is what I want to include into my photographs for my FMP.

Their faces in the photographs are the main focus of the photograph as they are the brightest part of the image as everything else is quite dark. Having a dark back ground/clothing makes their skin tones stand out the most,which to me makes their skin look really airbrushed and soft. I like how they are mainly looking into the camera which kind of draws you in more as their eyes are fixed onto you,even though they are looking at the camera.

I also like how the hair stylist has ensured that they dont have they hair covering the shape of their faces, making their facial features stand out more. Having the hair of their shoulders and out of the face makes their figure stand out more as it doesn’t make them look slumpy and hutched over. Their jaw line is more prominant then what it would be if they had their hair in their face.

Brian Duffy ; Fashion&Portrait Photographer:

As many other photographers, Brian Duffy has taken photos of Twiggy, he took the photo of her in a different way unlike everyone, she is smiling in her photo instead of looking so serious. He shot his work on black and white film,however he burnt all of his negatives in a fit of pique.

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From his work I have narrowed down two of his photographs which are my favourites from his work. The models in the photographs are Jean Shrimpton and Pauline Stone.


The reason I like this photo is due to the natural look of it. I like how Jean Shrimpton hasn’t forced this pose and how Brian Duffy is fine with her doing this. I think what makes it even less of a serious atmosphere is that she is holding a cigarette in her hand. Having this shot in black and white film complements the photograph and the style of the photograph which I imagine was intended. Unlike fashion portraits that we have now, this ones looks relaxed and doesn’t give a fake appearance of the model, which I feel is quite inspiring. You can also see in the photograph that she has a little spot or beauty spot on her cheek, which hasn’t been covered up, this also gives a real appearance of the model. Leaving the spot on her cheek, would have given young girls in the 1960’s that it is okay to have imperfections and to flaunt them, just like Jean Shrimpton has done here.

Brian Duffy was clever whilst taking this photograph due to the fact he knew that if he allowed her to keep her fingers on her lips and to keep her cigarette in her hand will draw people in, and make them more interested in it. This photograph isn’t the typical portrait that you would get. Dodging and burning the photograph in the way he has, creates highlight on her face and hands which draws you in even more as it is the lightest part of the photograph. By allowing the background to be so dark gives a halo around her face where her dark hair falls around her face.


The reason I have been drawn to this particular photograph shot by Brian Duffy is due to her hair as it is wild and backcombed. I think this image is popular is because in a way Pauline Stone looks a bit like Jean Shrimpton, the eyebrows and nose. Paulene Stone has the same body language as the photo above, as she is very relaxed and open to the camera. This makes the photo seem very inviting and ‘nice’. I have noticed with Brian Duffy’s work he allows the model to be very free and loose with their body language. I feel like doing this you get the models true character.

The dodging and burning in this photograph is mainly dodging and it is light on all areas but her hair, but her hair would have came out dark anyway, depending on the colour. This photograph also represents the non-perfect look as her hair is messy, I feel like generations still look up to this as not everyone has a good hair day. The eye make-up compliments the hair as that is neat and tidy, where the hair isn’t, creating a juxtaposition.

David Bailey;1960’s:

I came across Swinging London when I was researching into David Baileys 60’s portraits. Then I discovered that it was a collaboration with David Bailey,Terence Donovan and Brian Duffy, the three artists I was going to research from the start. As soon as I seen this I began to research more into these series of work that they created.

The series of work was to capture the culture of fashion and celebrity chic. The worked with a variety of people, ranging from Royalty-Street Gangsters. Having a wide range of people to photograph helps show what London was like in the 1960’s, and how fashion and status had ruled it.

David Bailey’s Work I Am Inspired By:

The Krays;

The photograph that David Bailey had taken of the Kray Twins, has really appealed to me. The tones in the photograph is what grabbed my attention and how the had presented themselves in front of the camera. The photograph is yet notable and historic as it is showing previous successful work that David Bailey had created in the late 60’s and the subject of the photograph is the Kray Twins, which could be classed as iconic.Screen Shot 2017-04-18 at 11.06.27.png

The facial expressions that they have, I believe is a way of them showing the viewers that they are still intimidating and should be feared still even though they are having their photo taken by David Bailey and are now seen as celebrities for their high status they had achieved in London in the 1960’s. I feel like this photograph has really captured the reputation the Kray Twins had gained over time. I also believe that this photograph shows who was the more dominant twin out of the two, as Ronnie Kray is more forward and looks more serious and stern, then Reggie Kray who is further back and looks less serious. More childlike and unsure of how to stand and present himself.

I want to create a similar photograph but just use one person, to make the two twins. I am going to achieve this by making slight changes to my models appearance. I will edit the photographs together on Photoshop, adding grain and converting to black and white. I want to have a shoot inspired by David Bailey’s black and white portraits and the Kray Twins. I want to involve the Kray Twins as I am interested in how they became so famous and well-known for being feared by everyone in the 60’s. In a way, underneath all their crimes they have taught people to stand up for yourself and don’t allow people to push you around, and that you are capable of standing up for yourself in situations.

Jean Shrimpton;

Jean Shrimpton is known for being the worlds first supermodel. Her modelling career was unknown before she started working with David Bailey. The work David Bailey produced of Jean Shrimpton is very elegant and has a soft natural glow about it.

I like these images due to the fact they look air brushed and do not come across plain and dull. I like how the definition on her arms is prominent as it then causes the photo not to appear flat, it is creating different tones, by having shadows on the skin ect. It looks very sultry. What draws me into the photo is that it is so minimal but works so well. The only negative thing I have to say about this image is that, it doesn’t remind me on the 60’s and the clothing is black body suit and her make-up is minimal, isn’t caked on.

I am not 100% on whether I want to edit my photo with this much contrast as I want it to have a rustic feel to it, but then again this does appeal to me.

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